The European Spallation Source

The European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction in Lund, will be a multi-disciplinary research facility based on the world’s most powerful neutron source. The Data Management and Software Centre (DMSC), located in Copenhagen, Denmark, will handle and store the experimental data generated in the experiments at the facility.


Photo: Perry Nordeng

ESS is one of the largest research infrastructure projects being built in Europe today. Construction started in 2014 and the user programme for researchers is planned to begin in 2023. Designed to generate neutron beams for science, ESS will benefit a broad range of research, from life science to engineering materials, from cultural heritage to magnetism.

The research facility design includes a 5 MW linear proton accelerator, a rotating tungsten target station, 22 state-of-the-art neutron instruments, a suite of laboratories, and a super-computing data management and software centre.

The European Spallation Source ERIC (European Research Infrastructure Consortium) currently has 15 member- and observer countries, with Sweden and Denmark as host countries.

This next-generation research facility is being built through the collective global effort of hundreds of scientists and engineers. ESS interacts with the international research community in order to ensure that the instrument suite meets the needs of science, enabling the breakthroughs of tomorrow. Instruments and technical equipment for ESS are being developed around Europe, making this a facility built by the scientists, for the scientists.

Scientists, engineers, project managers, and builders are well into the construction of the brightest neutron source in the world. The world-leading performance of ESS will elevate research using neutrons to a new level. ESS will provide the tools for analysis that will enable the next important discoveries in nanotechnology, life science, pharmaceuticals, materials engineering, and experimental physics. Up to three thousand researchers from universities, institutes and industry all over the world will participate in the ESS user program each year, making use of the facility’s broad range of neutron instruments to answer their scientific questions.

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